Stool colour: What can it tell you about your health?

Colour Stoles

Fecal color can be a sensitive topic for many people, but health professionals often look at stool color as an indicator of health status. This means that with poor lifestyle choices and an inappropriate diet, stool color can change and indicate a problem in the body. In this article, we'll look at what different stool colors mean for our health and what other factors we should consider when monitoring our digestive system.

The importance of stool colour as an indicator of health

Fecal color can provide important information about a person's health status. Healthy stools should be brown in color, which indicates adequate digestion of food and the presence of bile in the body. However, different colors of stool may indicate different diseases or disorders in the body.

For example, white stools can indicate a lack of bile, which can be a sign of a blockage in the liver or problems with the bile ducts. Conversely, dark stools can indicate excessive alcohol consumption or bleeding in the intestines. Urinary stools then indicate a problem with the digestive tract.

It is, therefore, very important to think about the color of your stool and notice deviations from the normal, brown color. If a person notices a change in the colour of their stool, it is advisable to seek professional help from a doctor so that an accurate diagnosis can be made and further treatment steps can be taken accordingly.

Fecal colours and their significance

Fecal color can be an important indicator of health status. Most people may be aware that stools should not be black or red like blood and that this condition requires immediate medical attention. However, few people know that even normal stool colors can indicate certain health problems.

The normal color of stool is brown, which is the result of digestion of food and bile pigments. However, if the stool color is too light or almost white, it may indicate a lack of bile. On the other hand, darker colored stools may indicate dehydration or the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol.

Other stool colors can also be important in diagnosing health problems. For example, an orange colour may indicate excessive consumption of carotenoid foods such as carrots and sweet potatoes, but also liver or bile duct disorders. Green-colored stools, on the other hand, can be caused by eating too many vegetables or medications such as iron, but also by intestinal infections.

Because stool color can reflect the condition of the body, it is important to monitor changes in stool color and consistency. If you notice any suspicious changes, you should consult your doctor so that further investigation can be carried out.

Possible causes of stool discoloration

Fecal color is an important indicator of a person's health. If the color of the stool changes, it may be a signal of a health problem. There are many possible causes of stool discoloration. Among the most common are eating foods with intense dyes, such as beets, blueberries or spinach. Also, taking certain medications or supplements can cause stool discoloration. Other causes may be related to the digestive system and its disorders such as gallstones, hepatitis, pancreatitis or Crohn's disease. In any case, the patient should not ignore the change in stool colour and should seek advice from a doctor who can help determine the cause and provide appropriate treatment.

Green stools and their possible causes

Green stools are often a signal of a health problem. Possible causes include excessive intake of chlorophyll from food, excessive iron intake, gastrointestinal infections, malabsorption syndromes, liver or biliary tract diseases and many other factors. It is important to monitor stool color and consistency as one indication of current health status and seek medical attention if there are any concerns.

Red stools and their possible causes

Red stools are one of the most disturbing color variations that a person can observe. There are several possible causes of this phenomenon, whether it is something safe or a manifestation of a serious disease. Common reasons for red stools include eating foods high in dyes such as beets, berries or strawberries. Another possibility may be taking products containing iron or other minerals. However, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract caused by a number of factors such as hemorrhoids, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease or even colon cancer should not be underestimated and require immediate medical attention. Thus, if you experience red stools, it is not advisable to ignore this symptom and it is better to seek medical attention as soon as possible for further examination and diagnosis.

Black stool and its possible causes

Black stools can bring concern and fear as this unusual color of stool may indicate some health problems. There are several possible causes of black stools, such as bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract, taking iron supplements, excessive alcohol consumption, or inflammation of the intestines. In some cases, black stools may also be the result of taking certain medications or foods high in artificial colours. However, if you notice this color in your stool, it is advisable to seek professional help and undergo the necessary tests.

White stools and their possible causes

White stools can be a sign of problems with the digestive tract, liver or bile ducts. One possible explanation is insufficient production of bilirubin, a substance that the liver makes and sends to the intestines to color the stool. If the liver is not functioning properly, bilirubin may not reach the intestines and the stool loses its usual brown color. Other causes of white stools may include gallstones, blockage of the bile ducts, or viral infections such as hepatitis A or E. Prognosis and treatment depend on the individual case and require a careful examination by a doctor.

Blue stools and their possible causes

One of the striking and potentially disturbing symptoms that patients may observe is blue-colored stools. This phenomenon can have a variety of possible causes, including problems related to digestion of food or bleeding in the intestines. Therefore, if you experience this symptom, it is not necessarily anything serious, but your healthcare provider should definitely request further examination. In any case, it is important to monitor any changes in stool colour and consistency and to report them to your doctor as soon as possible.

Other changes in stool colour and their possible causes

"In addition to the common stool colours such as dark brown, green or yellow, there may be changes in stool colour of a different nature. For example, a red colour may be due to bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, while a black colour indicates bleeding in the upper parts of the tract. An orange color of the stool may indicate a problem with the liver or gallbladder, and a grayish tint may indicate a lack of biliousness. A bluish color may then appear in people with digestive disorders and excessive consumption of blue foods. It is therefore important to be aware that changes in stool colour can indicate serious health problems, in which case we should not hesitate to seek professional help."

When to see a doctor

When to seek medical attention for stool color depends on the specific situation. In general, if the color of the stool changes significantly and it is not caused by a change in diet or taking certain medications, it could be an indicator of a health problem. For example, a black stool color may indicate bleeding in the digestive tract, while a light or pale color may indicate a liver problem. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible so that an accurate diagnosis is made and appropriate treatment is started as soon as possible.

Prevention and a healthy diet for proper stool colour

Prevention and a healthy diet are key factors in maintaining proper stool color. In addition to consuming plenty of fluids (especially water), it is important to maintain a balanced diet with plenty of fibre, which aids in the digestion of food. Consuming foods rich in chlorophyll, such as green peas, broccoli or spinach, can also help regulate stool colour. Conversely, excessive intake of meat or alcohol and lack of natural foods can lead to variations in stool colour and indicate a problem in the digestive tract. Therefore, people should carefully monitor their diet and regularity and consult a doctor if they notice any changes in their stool.

Follow-up to the article "Stool Color":

From the above information, it is evident that stool color can be an important indicator of health status. However, if you experience an unusual change in stool color, there is no need to panic immediately. There are many factors that can influence stool colour, such as dietary habits or medication use. However, if you suspect a more serious problem, you should see a medical professional. However, daily observation of the colour and consistency of stools can be a simple way for everyone to monitor their health and take preventative action if necessary.


The sources for determining whether stool color is normal or not are varied. The main ones include a clinical examination by a doctor, stool analysis in a laboratory, or monitoring your own digestion over an extended period of time. There are also some online resources that offer information about stool color and its possible significance. However, in the event of any potential health problems, it is always necessary to independently seek professional medical advice.

Published: 06. 10. 2023

Category: Health

Author: Zdeněk Vlček

Tags: stool colour | stool colour as an indicator of health status