Forget the pain: analgesics as the key to a pain-free life


Analgesics are drugs that are used to relieve pain. Pain can be very bothersome and limiting, so it is important to know the different ways to relieve it. Analgesics are widely used as a means to relieve pain in many different situations - from injuries and surgical procedures to chronic pain associated with illness. In this article, we'll look at analgesics in more detail and explore how they work, what to consider when using them, and what types of other medications are typically used alongside them.

Definition of analgesics

Analgesics are drugs that are used to relieve various types of pain. These medications can be used to relieve moderate to severe pain, such as headaches, dental pain, menstrual pain, or rheumatic pain. Analgesics work by affecting the nervous system by reducing the perception of pain in the brain. There are different types of analgesics such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen and morphine, each with a different mechanism of action. It is important to consult a doctor or pharmacist before taking analgesics and to follow the prescribed dosage.

Classification of analgesics

Analgesics are drugs that are used to control pain. Classification of these drugs can help doctors and patients in choosing the right drug for a particular type of pain or patient. There are several classes of analgesics such as opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), paracetamol and some antidepressants. Opioids are powerful analgesics that act on the central nervous system and can be very effective against severe pain, but they also have potential for abuse and side effects. NSAIDs and paracetamol act on the peripheral nervous system and are often used for mild to moderate pain. Antidepressants can be useful for chronic pain because they affect the chemical processes in the brain associated with pain perception. It is important to consider the individual needs of the patient as well as the risk of side effects when choosing the right analgesic for a particular situation.

Effects of analgesics on the body

Analgesics are drugs that are used to relieve pain. These drugs act on the central nervous system and prevent pain signals from occurring. The effects of analgesics on the body are complex and may include not only pain relief, but also fatigue, drowsiness or impaired perception of the environment. When taking analgesics, it is important to adhere to the recommended dosage and interval between doses to avoid overdose or reduced efficacy in the long term. It is therefore essential to consult your doctor about the use of analgesics and to follow his/her instructions for the best effectiveness of the treatment.

Other analgesics

There are many different types of analgesics that are used to treat pain. The most commonly used include paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin. These drugs are generally considered safe and effective for mild to moderate pain.

On the other hand, there are also stronger analgesics that are often used to treat chronic or acute pain. These drugs include opioids such as morphine, fentanyl and tramadol. These drugs are much more effective at suppressing severe pain, but they are also associated with a number of side effects and health risks.

Choosing the right type of analgesic depends on a number of factors such as the type of pain, the patient's health status and other related factors. It is important to consult a medical professional before taking any type of analgesic because of the possibility of side effects or interactions with other medications.

1. Opioid analgesics

Opioid analgesics are a type of painkiller that act on the central nervous system to reduce the perception of pain. These drugs are usually used for relief of severe or chronic pain after surgery, injury, or chronic illness. The most commonly prescribed opioid analgesics include morphine, fentanyl and oxycodone. These drugs have a high potential for addiction and can have side effects such as drowsiness, constipation or nausea. Therefore, they should only be used under the supervision of a physician and with consideration for the individual patient's needs.

2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)


2 Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are an important group of analgesics used to treat pain and inflammation. These drugs block enzymes called cyclooxygenase (COX), which prevents the production of substances called prostaglandins that are responsible for inflammation and pain. NSAIDs are usually used to treat pain associated with arthritis, migraines, menstrual cramps and other similar conditions. The most well-known NSAIDs include ibuprofen and naproxen, which are commonly available without a prescription. Although they can be very effective in fighting pain and inflammation, it is important to note that NSAIDs can also cause side effects such as upset stomach and high blood pressure. It is important to take these medications as recommended by a healthcare professional.

3. Paracetamol

Paracetamol is one of the most commonly used analgesics. It is an effective painkiller and fever reducer that is often recommended for mild to moderate pain, such as headache, toothache, muscle or joint pain. The dosage of paracetamol varies depending on the age and weight of the patient, but it is usually recommended to take 1-2 500 mg tablets at a time with a minimum of 4 hours between doses. Although Paracetamol is a relatively safe medication, it can cause side effects such as upset stomach or allergic reactions in some people. Therefore, it is always important to follow dosage instructions carefully and consult a doctor about taking the medication, especially if you have any health problems.

4. Combination analgesics

Combination analgesics are medicines that contain two or more active painkillers. These combinations make it possible to affect different types of pain better and more effectively. The best known combination analgesics include paracetamol with codeine, ibuprofen with caffeine and naproxen with esomeprazole. These drugs are available without a prescription, but you may need to consult a doctor before taking them, especially if you suffer from chronic pain or have allergies to any of their ingredients.

Use of analgesics

Analgesics are medicines that are used to relieve pain. They are used to control different types of pain, including headaches, toothaches, joint and muscle pain. There are different types of analgesics, which differ in their composition and action. Some analgesics can be purchased without a prescription, while others must be prescribed by a doctor.

The use of analgesics should always be guided only by the advice of a doctor or pharmacist. Misuse of analgesics can lead to complications and negative side effects. It is important to follow the recommended dose and frequency of use to minimize harmful effects.

It is important to remember that the use of analgesics alone often does not solve the problem causing the pain. In some cases, it is necessary to seek professional help and undergo appropriate treatment to address the root cause of the pain.

Overall, analgesics are useful medications for pain relief. However, it is important to use them with caution and in accordance with expert recommendations to minimize the risk of negative side effects and to ensure the most effective and indicated use.

1. Acute pain


Acute pain is most often caused by a sudden stimulus, such as an injury or infection. This type of pain can be very intense and affect the patient's quality of life. In this case, analgesics, drugs designed to relieve pain, are usually used. There are a number of different types of analgesics, which differ in their effect and side effects. It is important to choose carefully the right type of analgesic for your particular problem and always follow the recommended dose. It is also advisable to consult with your doctor when taking analgesics to ensure the safe and effective use of these medications.

2. Chronic pain


2 Chronic pain is a daily reality for many people, affecting their quality of life and causing lasting discomfort. This pain can be caused by a variety of factors such as illness, injury or even stressful situations. Analgesics are medications that help reduce or eliminate pain. These medications are very important for people with chronic pain because they can help alleviate the need for continued use of stronger prescription medications and also improve overall quality of life. It is important to remember that analgesics should only be taken as recommended by a doctor and in accordance with the directions for use to avoid overdose or other side effects.

3. Procedure for the use of analgesics

Correct use of analgesics is very important to minimise the risk of side effects and to ensure maximum effect. Here are three steps that should be followed when taking analgesics.

1. Follow the recommended dosage: There is a recommended dosage for each type of analgesic that should be strictly followed. Exceeding the recommended dose can lead to dangerous side effects such as liver or kidney damage.

2. Seek professional help: If you suspect a maladaptive effect or allergic reaction to the use of analgesics, seek medical attention immediately. Many people have a high pain threshold and will only mask the source of the problem instead of addressing the root causes.

3. Do not use long-term: Analgesics should not be used long-term without consulting a doctor. Use for prolonged periods of time can slow the healing process and lead to an increased risk of side effects.

Following these three steps can help minimize the risks and improve the effectiveness of analgesic use.

Precautions for taking analgesics

The use of analgesics is often necessary to reduce pain. However, it is important to remember that any medication can have side effects and some can be dangerous to health if used inappropriately. Therefore, it is important to take precautions when using analgesics to minimize risk.

Firstly, you should always carefully read and follow the dosage information on the packaging or in the enclosed instructions for use. Do not exceed the recommended dose or duration of treatment without consulting your physician.

You should also consider possible interactions with other medications. It is not a good idea to combine several types of analgesics at once without consulting your doctor, and you should never combine analgesics with alcohol.

If you have any chronic disease (e.g. heart disease), are pregnant or a nursing mother, you should also consult your doctor before taking any analgesic.

Finally, remember that safety precautions when using analgesics include proper storage of the medication - keep it out of the reach of children and in a dry place at room temperature.

The use of analgesics can be very helpful for pain relief, but it is important to be aware of the potential risks and follow safety precautions. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any concerns or questions about the use of analgesics.

Possible side effects and contraindications

Although analgesics are effective drugs in relieving pain, they may also have some side effects and contraindications. The most common side effects include nausea, vomiting and constipation. Some analgesics can also cause an allergic reaction or lead to stomach ulcers. Contraindications are mainly for people with liver, kidney or heart disease, or who have a chronic illness. Furthermore, in pregnant women and children, the drug should only be given on the advice of a doctor. In any case, it is important to follow the instructions of a specialist doctor, and failure to follow the prescription may lead to a worsening of the patient's condition.

Alternative methods of pain management

Alternative methods of pain management are becoming increasingly popular among patients looking for natural and safe ways to relieve their pain. These methods include acupuncture, aromatherapy, massage, yoga and meditation, to name a few. Many people also seek pain relief through dietary supplements such as turmeric, omega-3 fatty acids or vitamin D. While these alternative methods are not suitable for all types of pain and illness, they can be useful as part of an overall pain management treatment.

In conclusion, analgesics are a very important part of modern medicine and help relieve pain, which has many benefits for patients. However, it should be remembered that any medication can have side effects and the use of analgesics should always be carried out under the supervision of a specialist. It is also important to follow the recommended dosage and not to abuse this group of drugs. Last but not least, we should not forget about alternative methods of pain relief, such as physiotherapy or acupuncture.


Sources of analgesics are varied and include synthetic drugs as well as plant extracts and herbs. The most commonly used synthetic analgesics include paracetamol, ibuprofen and diclofenac. These drugs are commonly sold in pharmacies without a prescription and help relieve less severe pain or fever.

Another group of analgesics are opioids, which are used to treat severe pain from injuries, surgery or cancer. Examples of these drugs include morphine, fentanyl or tramadol.

Plant extracts and herbs are used as an alternative to synthetic analgesics. Examples of these herbs include cannabis, gentian or boswellia serrata. These natural products have fewer side effects but may also be less effective compared to synthetic-based drugs.

Seeking out the appropriate sources for pain management is important to ensure that the patient receives the right care and to avoid any negative effects. It is important to consult with a specialist when selecting medications to ensure the best possible care and also to minimize the risk of side effects.

Published: 12. 08. 2023 / Updated: 24. 08. 2023

Category: Health

Author: Eliška Křivánková

Tags: analgesics | painkillers